Æ farthing token, n.d. Diameter 15.6mm. * AT· THE· QVEENE· OF· around facing bust of the queen. Point of collar to E. R. * BOHEMIA· IN· DOVER around, · C · above I * M in centre. BW 203; Norweb 2542 graded as EF-40. Reverse a little pitted, otherwise good VF/VF.
Ex Robert Thompson, ex Norweb, the piece illustrated on the plates.
Elizabeth Stuart (19 August 1596 – 13 February 1662) was Electress of the Palatinate and briefly Queen of Bohemia as the wife of Frederick V of the Palatinate. Because her husband's reign in Bohemia and Palatinate lasted for just one winter, Elizabeth is often referred to as the "Winter Queen".
Elizabeth was the second child and eldest daughter of James VI and I, King of Scotland, England, and Ireland, and his wife, Anne of Denmark. With the demise of the last Stuart monarch in 1714, Elizabeth's grandson succeeded to the British throne as George I, initiating the Hanoverian dynasty.
When Queen Elizabeth I of England died in 1603, Elizabeth Stuart's father, James, succeeded as King of England and Ireland. The Countess of Kildare was appointed the princess's governess. Along with her elder brother, Henry, Elizabeth made the journey south towards England with her mother "in a triumphal progress of perpetual entertainment".
Elizabeth remained at court for a few weeks. As there was plague in London, and Prince Henry and Princess Elizabeth were moved to Winchester., where] Anne of Denmark produced a masque to welcome them. On 19 October 1603, an order was issued under the privy seal announcing that the King had thought fit to commit the keeping and education of the Lady Elizabeth to Lord Harrington and his wife". This was the Lord Harrington who was to hold the Patent for the issuing of base metal royal farthings.
Pigot’s Directory of 1823 for Kent has : DOVER. A Sea and Cinque Port of considerable consequence and antiquity, situated in the east of Kent, is distant from the metropolis 72, and from Calais, (France,) 21 miles. To the latter of these places there are regular, safe and elegant steam packets passing daily; these modern conveyances very frequently perform the voyage in three hours. Dover was the first of the cinque ports, incorporated by charter, by which incorporation it enjoys extensive and valuable privileges. The situation is extremely singular and interesting, being immediately at the foot of stupendous cliffs, with a full view of the sea, and the coast of France. The castle, of which Lord Liverpool is constable, is a venerable and admirable pile of building, it is situated on a lofty summit, and is the chief ornament of the place. The view from this prominence and the contiguous heights, are rich, varied and sublime.
To these we can add the following: Dover derives its name from the River Dour that flows through it. It is south-east of Canterbury and east of Maidstone. Modern archaeological finds have revealed that the area has always been a focus for peoples entering and leaving Britain since the Stone Age. During the Roman period, the area became part of the Roman communications network, connected by road to Canterbury and Watling Street. It became Portus Dubris, a fortified port with ten gates. Dover has a partly preserved Roman lighthouse which is the tallest surviving Roman structure in Britain. The castle also features the Blériot memorial: the outline of Louis Blériot's aircraft, at the exact spot where Blériot landed after the first cross-Channel flight, in 1909.
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