• Code 11687

La sculpture a Ripoll au XIIe siecle


Xavier Barral i Altet.   PB pages 311-359, including b&w illustrations  220 x 272mm. Extrait de :  Bulletin Monumental,  Société français d'archéologie, No 131 - IV, Paris,  1973.  French text throughout.   A very good clean example, inscribed by the author to M. Lafaurie. From the library of Jean Lafaurie

The original monastic church had a nave and four aisles, roofed by barrel vaults.
The cloister contains more of the original structure than the church itself, the first floor having been built between 1180 and the early 15th century. The second floor dates to the 15th and 16th century. It is formed, on each side, by thirteen semicircular arches supported by small pairs of columns with carved Corinthian-like capitals, sculpted by Pere Gregori and Jordi de Déu. Each one of the latter has a different decoration, inspired by mythological themes or by daily life. The portal is a notable example of Catalan Romanesque sculpture. The frontal section features a relief from the mid-13th century. The upper two show God enthroned, near whom are the symbols of the Four Evangelists; the scene is completed by several angels in adoration and the Twenty-four Elders. The central bands are dedicated to the story of David and Solomon (left) and Moses (right). At the bottom are various mythical animals commonly identified with the visions of the prophet Daniel.

Le cloître se dispose sur deux étages. La construction du premier étage débuta aux alentours du XII° siecle mais ne s'acheva qu'au début du XVe siècle. L'étage supérieur s'érigea entre les XVe et XVIe siècles. Il se structure, de chaque côté, par treize arcs semi-circulaires aux chapiteaux inspirés par l'ordre corinthien. Chaque chapiteau possède un dessin original inspiré par des thèmes variés : depuis la mythologie classique au quotidien. Les chapiteaux furent élaborés par les sculpteurs Pere Gregori et Jordi de Déu.

France -   Monuments historiques  - archeologie - Bulletin Monumental,  Société français d'archéologie, No 131 - IV, Paris,  1973.


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